Golden Pipeline

National Trust of WA

Explore The Golden Pipeline Heritage Trail

A self-guided drive trail between the Perth Hills and Western Australia’s Eastern Goldfields. Go with the Flow. Follow the water to discover more about the audacious goldfields water supply scheme and Engineer CY O’Connor.

Discover The people and the Scheme

“Future generations, I am quite certain will think of us and bless us for our far seeing patriotism, and it will be said of us, as Isaiah said of old, ‘They made a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert” – Sir John Forrest

Water & Land

Development of farming land

When the wheatbelt was opened up for agriculture in the 1890s, the country, which had become known by its vegetation, was divided into four classes.

The first-class land consisted of red-brown clay and loam. On it grew gimlet, salmon gum, morrel, yorrel and York gum, usually associated with acacias known as “jams”.

Second-class soils grew smaller mallee type eucalyptus. The sand plains with their hard-leaved prickly scrub were considered third-class while the samphire flats and salt lakes, together with land which grew poison plants, were classified as fourth-class. Where possible, blocks of land were surveyed to include a mixture of soil classes.

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